Early morning light, a half hour before the sun comes up, can make an ordinary image, extraordinary. The end of the day can provide warm light as well.
Get action and interaction between your subjects. They might be walking, nuzzling, swimming—movement will help create a more dynamic photo.
Do your research on where the wildlife might be. There’s a lot of moose on the west side of Rocky Mountain National Park, and also near Walden, CO. Look for them near water. If you’d like to photograph birds, Pawnee National Grasslands are excellent.
Be willing to be outside for hours to learn the animal’s behaviors. “The more you are comfortable with them, the more comfortable they’ll be with you—and you’ll be able to get a natural-looking shot," Fleming said.
You have to be comfortable with the outdoors. Shooting from a car window will rarely yield the best shot.
Don’t get too close to the wildlife. There’s a circle of safety that each subject has. “You don’t want to cross that barrier or the subject may charge you, or may just take off," Fleming said.
Get eye contact and light in the eye of your subject.
Stay low when you’re taking photographs—try and be at eye level. Looking down makes it appear that you are dominant over your subject.
Certain times of the year give you opportunities to shoot different behaviors. In the spring and early summer, mothers will be out with their babies. In the fall, animals will display mating behaviors.